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cardiovascular disease a quick overview

Fadiyah Sameh
Fadiyah Sameh
Posted: 2015-03-19

Cardiovascular disease or CVD comprises all heart and circulatory diseases such as angina, coronary heart disease, congenital heart disease, stroke and heart attack. CVD is caused by the narrowed and blocked blood vessels, which is preventing the heart, the brain and other body to receive enough blood supply. Symptoms of cardiovascular disease can differ for males and females, such as males usually experience chest pains, while females usually experiences nausea, shortness of breath or fatigue. Other symptoms might include pain, coldness of arms and legs, numbness when the blood vessels in those areas are narrowed. Pain from the jaw, neck, throat, abdomen or back can also manifest as symptoms of CVD. Although CVD is referred to different blood vessels or heart problems, this term is usually used to signify atherosclerosis, a buildup of fatty substances within the blood vessels. These buildup substances will thicken the blood vessel walls and will lead up to limited blood flows from the arteries to other organs of the body. This, atherosclerosis is the common cause of CVD, and caused by lack of exercise, an unhealthy diet, smoking or obesity. Treatments for cardiovascular diseases may vary with different conditions and usually includes the following: 1. Healthy lifestyle If the patient is a smoker, excessive alcohol drinker and living a sedentary lifestyle, it is the time for a lifestyle change, which includes low fat-diet, smoking cessation, exercise program, quit smoking and limit alcohol intake. Healthy foods , exercises and fresh air can help to normalize the heartbeat rhythm. 2. Proper medication when a healthy lifestyle is not enough, the physician will prescribe medicines to help control CVD. The medications will be based on the type or extent of the heart disease of the patient. 3. Surgery when healthy lifestyle and medications are not enough, surgery might be recommended. However, the type of surgery procedure will also depend on the extent of the damage to the heart.

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