Dengue fever is a kind of disease that is transmitted through the bite of Aedes mosquito that is infested with dengue virus. This disease cannot directly spread from one individual to another individual. This disease occurs only when aedes mosquito becomes infected whenever it bites someone with the virus of dengue in his/her blood. Dengue fever may affect anybody but it is more likely to become more serious in persons with compromised resistant system. Since the disease originates from one of the five serotypes of germs, there is a possibility to get the disease multiple times. Nonetheless, dengue fever attack produces protection for life to that specific viral serotype wherein the person affected was exposed.
Dengue victims frequently have frowns because of the severe joint pains as well muscle pains, therefore, dengue fever is also known as dandy or “breakbone”
. The following are some symptoms of dengue fever:
. Abrupt, high fever
. Intense headache
. Severe muscle and joint pains
. Soreness next to the eyes
. Skin rashes that appear 3 to 4 days after the start of fever
. Slight bleeding such as bleeding gums, nose bleed or simple bruising
There are times where symptoms are just mild and may be mistaken as flu or other viral infection. Younger kids and persons who were never infected with dengue fever have the tendency to get milder cases as compared to older children and grown-ups. However, severe problems may develop. These comprise dengue hemorrhagic fever; this is an exceptional problem characterized by very high fever, impairment to blood vessels and lymph, bleeding coming from gums and nose, increase in the size of liver, failure in blood circulation. The signs can progress to profuse bleeding, shock and eventually death. This is known as dengue shock syndrome (DSS).
Since dengue hemorrhagic fever originates from viral infection, there is no vaccine or cure, the only cure is to manage the symptoms. The treatment may include the following:
. Transfusion of fresh platelets to treat bleeding problems
. Intravenous(IV) fluids as well as electrolytes to treat electrolyte imbalance
. Rehydration with IV fluids to cure dehydration
. Oxygen therapy for treatment of abnormal low oxygen in the blood
. The patient must have supportive care in the ICU