Prostate cancer is the number one most common cancer developing in senior aged males and the second most common cause of death in the USA. Development of prostate cancer in the male reproductive organ is life threatening when not treated during the early stage. There are different treatments available depending on the cancer stages and radiation therapy is the most popular.
Like other treatments, radiation therapy has advantages and disadvantages in treating prostate cancer. The key advantage of this treatment is, it can quickly kill the cancer cells, therefore, it can prevent the spreading of cancer to the other parts of the body. However, radiation can also kill the normal cells, resulting in short term side effects such as urinary problem, sexual dysfunction or bowel problems.
Normally, prostate cancer is gradually progressing, thus, younger and healthier patients are advised for a watchful waiting. In this case, doctors will not perform any procedure for stopping the cancer, but the patients are prescribed to regular check ups to determine the progression of the cancer.
When the patients have severe case of prostate cancer, other treatment option is radical prostatectomy, which is a surgical procedure performed to remove the prostate, seminal vesicles and the surrounding tissues. However, there are surgeries that are used to purposely investigate the extent of the cancer. Impotency and urine leakage are the possible side-effects of prostatectomy.
Chemotherapy is also used to treat prostate cancer, which uses chemicals to kill cancer cells. The risks associated with chemotherapy treatment is the killing of healthy cells such as hair follicles and healthy cells of the gastrointestinal track. That is the reason why patients undergoing chemotherapy lose hair or vomiting after the therapy.
It is important that patients undergoing cancer treatment must be given to quality treatment from the start, because improper treatment might give cancerous cells a chance to reach the advanced stages of cancer. Keep in mind that in choosing a prostate cancer practitioner, patients have to be wiser and decide only for the best.Publisher: Fadiyah Sameh