Colon cancer is a form of malignancy of the colon or the large intestine, which is located in the lower portion of the digestive system. The majority of colon cancer cases start as a tiny, non-cancerous clusters of cells known as adenomatous polyps. Ultimately a few of these lumps develop into colon cancers. These polyps can be small and create some symptoms. Due to this reason, regular screening examinations will be recommended by the doctor to help in the prevention of colon cancer via identification of polyps prior to growth of colon cancer.
Here are some symptoms of colon cancer:
. Changes in bowel routines, including constipation or diarrhea or variation in . . stool consistency
. Persistent discomfort in the abdomen, such as pains, gas or cramps
. Presence of blood in the stool or rectal bleeding
. Unexplained loss of weight
. Fatigue or weakness
Several individuals with colon tumor don’t experience any symptoms or signs during the early stages of the illness. When signs appear, they somewhat differ, depending on the size and location of the tumor in the colon. If you observe any of the symptoms of this disease, you have to consult your doctor right away. You have to tell your doctor about the abnormal changes in your stool especially if blood appears in your stool or insistent changes in bowel movements.
In utmost cases, the causes of the cancer of the large intestine colon are not clear. The doctors are aware that colon cancers arise whenever vigorous cells in the large intestine become altered. Cancer cells may invade and damage the nearby normal tissue and malignant cells may spread to other organs of the human body.
Most cases of colon cancer often start as polyps or clusters of precancerous cells found in the inner lining of the large intestine. Polyps may appear as mushroom-shaped or they might be smooth or sunken in the colon’s wall. The immediate removal of the lumps before they become malignant may avoid colon cancer.Publisher: Fadiyah Sameh